UC Law SF Journal on Gender and Justice


Ivana Nizich


Bosnian Serb troops and forces from Serbia proper are responsible for most violations of humanitarian law and human rights in Bosnia Herzegovina (Bosnia). The Serbs' policy of "ethnic cleansing" in Bosnia and Croatia has been systematically executed by Serbian civilian and military authorities. It would be a mistake to say that all parties to the conflict are equally responsible for the violations that have been perpetrated in the Bosnian war. Nevertheless, the mostly Muslim forces of the Bosnian government and the Bosnian Croat militia have also been responsible for abuses against Serbian, Muslim, and Croatian civilians, albeit on a smaller scale than Bosnian Serb forces. When fighting between Bosnian Croats and Muslims gained momentum in early 1993, Croatian and Muslim civilians and disarmed combatants were victims of human rights abuses. This essay deals with abuses perpetrated by Bosnian Croat and Muslim forces during the battles between the two groups in late 1992 and 1993.